Degenerative diseases of the spine and joints< Back to previous page Updated on August 5th 2019
Spondylosis - degenerative vertebral column disease
Arthrosis - degenerative joints disorder
Lumbago - a degenerative process of the lumbar spine
Degenerative process is an aging process that we cannot stop, but we can slow it down. How?
By avoiding the risk factors that accelerate the process: physical inactivity, stress, smoking, alcohol, coffee… Insufficient physical activity most affects the appearance of degenerative changes on our joints. First, the cartilage that wraps joint surfaces becomes damaged and so osteophytes are created and connective tissues - ligaments, tendons and joint envelopes lose their firmness. This practically leads to a decrease in the mobility of the joint function and later to contractures - reduced scope of movement. Due to slowed circulation, swelling of the joints occurs and the muscle function becomes reduced so the muscles become weak or hypotrophic.
The main symptoms of degenerative diseases are chronic pain, limited mobility and muscle hypotrophy.
After a detailed examination from a physical & rehabilitation medicine specialist, physical therapy is carried out, which implies the application of apparatus techniques - various types of currents, ultrasound, laser and magnets, but the most important part of treatment is the implementation of certain therapeutic exercises - Kinesitherapy, which eliminates all symptoms of the disease. This relieves pain, restores the joint function and strengthens the muscles with an adequate individual exercise program for each patient carried out in the presence of physiotherapists and a specialist of physical & rehabilitation medicine.